Highlight and copy the desired format. A Literature Review of Zika Virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 22 7 Abstract Zika virus is a mosquitoborne flavivirus that is the focus of an ongoing pandemic and public health emergency.
The recommendation for women to wait at least 2 months after possible exposure before trying to conceive remains unchanged. The change follows a review of latest evidence on the risk of sexual transmission of Zika virus infection.
It found that the longest period from symptom onset in a man to sexual transmission to a partner was between days. The longest period after symptom onset at which potentially infectious virus has been detected in semen was 69 days.
It is worth noting that the World Health Organization still currently recommends a 6-month waiting period for both men and women.
There is strong scientific consensus that Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and other congenital abnormalities. The range of abnormalities seen and the likely causal link to the virus suggest a new congenital syndrome.
Pregnant women are advised not to travel to areas with infection risk. Guillain-Barre syndrome and other neurologic disorders are strongly associated with, and suspected to be caused by, Zika virus, but the link is unproven and studies are ongoing, including to elucidate a possible mechanism.
Treatment of symptomatic infection is supportive and there are no specific antiviral therapies at this time. Prevention of mosquito bites through individual and public health measures is important to prevent infections.
The virus belongs to the Flaviviridae family genus Flavivirus and is an arbovirus a virus transmitted by arthropods.
It is named after the Zika forest in Uganda where it was first discovered in Bull World Health Organ. Sexual transmission from person to person is also possible. Congenital Zika syndrome is a recognized pattern of congenital anomalies in infants i.
Congenital Zika virus syndrome in Brazil: Congenital Zika virus infection: Characterizing the pattern of anomalies in congenital Zika syndrome for pediatric clinicians.
Congenital Zika syndrome in Defining the syndrome associated with congenital Zika virus infection. Zika virus and birth defects - reviewing the evidence for causality.
N Engl J Med. Association between Zika virus infection and microcephaly in Brazil, January to May, Zika getting on your nerves? Zika virus and Guillain—Barre syndrome:The forest was actually property of the Uganda Virus Research Institute, which to this day restricts the land for scientific research.
That year, researchers isolated the Zika virus from a captive rhesus monkey at the forest. The virus was taken from the mosquito Aedes africanus after one was caught in a tree platform in the Zika forest.
Zika virus is a member of the flavivirus family, which also includes yellow fever virus, dengue virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, and West Nile virus.
The genome is a ~ kilobase, positive strand RNA enclosed in a capsid and surrounded by a membrane (illustrated; image copyright ASM Press, ). Harmonization of ZIKV Research Protocols to Address Key Public Health Concerns. Short summary. The evidence linking Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and.
understand extent of infection with and the diseases Zika virus (ZIKV) causes in humans and their offspring. Abstract. Zika virus is a mosquitoborne flavivirus that is the focus of an ongoing pandemic and public health emergency.
Previously limited to sporadic cases in Africa and Asia, the emergence of Zika virus in Brazil in heralded rapid spread throughout the Americas.
In the study, he notes that the “clinical picture of the infection was that of a mild febrile illness of short duration accompanied by a generalized maculopapular rash,” and that “a rise in antibody to Zika virus was demonstrated.”.
Zika is a virus that is spread by mosquitoes. Most people who get the virus do not get sick. A blood test can tell if you have Zika.